The exam must be 6-7 pages in length, double-spaced, numbered, include 1 inch margins, use 12 point Arial, Calibri, or Times New Roman, and include a cover page that identifies who you are, the title of the course, the name of your instructor, and state Midterm Exam. The exam must include footnotes or endnotes and a Works Cited or Bibliography page. The citation style must be Chicago/Turabian. Your instructor will provide instructions on how to cite a source using Chicago/Turabian style. You may also consult the short guide linked to in this sub-module at the bottom. The selected sources must be appropriate to the exam topic, the citations must support the assertions made in the exam, and footnotes or endnotes must be used in each instance where detailed explanations would distract from the argument. The exam will include three main parts—the Thesis/Introduction, Argument, and Conclusion. The Introduction section should clearly state the thesis within the first 1-2 paragraphs. The thesis must be relevant and appropriate to the argument and demonstrate an accurate and complete understanding of the question(s). It should do more than restate the question(s) and offer a brief response and it should be free of grammar & spelling errors. The Argument section should incorporate pertinent details from assigned coursework and outside readings when permitted. Please make sure to ask your instructor for approval. Do not assume that you can use outside readings. The section must provide relevant historical evidence to support the thesis and the key claims made in the argument as needed. It should maintain focus and avoid getting sidetracked. It should present your answer(s) to the question(s) asked clearly and concisely in an organized manner and it should be free of grammar & spelling errors. Instructions Your response to each of the below questions should be between 3-4 pages long, and follow the formatting guidelines for the midterm assignment listed above. Question 1. World War I is famously said to have set the stage and created the enabling circumstances for World War II, but, in a more general sense, it also led to transformations in society, art, culture, and the ways that people lived their day-to-day lives. It saw the end of the old values of the Victorian era, and ushered in a new, unprecedented, strikingly liberated period in society. Using the course resources from the first weeks of the course, as well as the materials in Module 1 under Course Resources, select a few of these social changes, describe them, and give your best estimation of their origin. You will want to be on the lookout for themes of urbanization, technology, women’s liberation, and art. Question 2. The 1920s and 1930s saw much of the world split between the two competing ideologies of Communism and Fascism. Often, fear of one ideology would drive people into the clutches of the opposite ideology. Using the weekly material from recent weeks of the course, as well as the materials under Module 2 of Course Resources, summarize the central tenets and aims of Fascism, as well as the means by which they achieved their aims. Bear in mind that Fascism is not as theory-heavy as Communism, and focused heavily on outward pageantry and political theater. When you are describing fascist measures in Europe in the 1930s, be very specific.