Think of an organizational change that has occurred in you work experience. a. Using the relevant aspects of Open Systems Theory, describe the cause(s) of the change and how it affected the people, tasks, technology and structure. b. How did it affect the products, services or outcomes that the organization produced? c. Explain how systems thinking can improve your decision-making as a manager. 2. Ethical Decision : Choose a situation from your own experience in which you or a group had to make a very difficult decision that had ethical issues involved. This can be a personal situation. a. Briefly describe the situation. i. What are the factors contributing to this situation? ii. What was the decision that needed to be made? What are the ethical issues involved in this decision? Describe the different stakeholders that may be affected by the decision. i. For each stakeholder, explain the potential negative impact on them. ii. Describe the relationships among the stakeholders that should be considered (any special obligations or expectations among them). What are the potential options that you considered? i. What are the benefits and the costs of each option? Describe any legal issues or organizational policies that may apply? Describe any analogous cases you used or could have used to make your decision. Describe any discussions you had or should have had with relevant others (stakeholders, experts, others). How did this help you? Describe the final decision that was made and why i. What theory or theories of ethics explains your final decision? Describe some of the things you considered in this exercise that you did not consider when you faced this decision initially? i. Would you have arrived at the same decision? Why or why not?